In this project, we are working in the 30 villages of Karauli district of Rajasthan. According to the development index by Planning Commission of India, Karauli stands in the topmost 100 backward district in the country.
The poorest & marginalized communities (50%+ Scheduled Tribes & Scheduled Castes) dominates in the proposed areas. The proposed areas are also ecologically marginalised due to undulated rocky terrain, inaccessibility, forest and severe water scarcity in patches.
The unique characteristic of the region is primarily related to water, i.e. inadequate rainfall, degrading ground water level and least water retention capacity of the soil. Variability of monsoon is another factor, which is leading to frequent occurrence of drought. This is the result of prolonged neglect of the environment and denudation of the forests in the region. With a breakdown of traditional water management practices and in adequate scientific water-management systems, irrigation is insufficient and inefficient thus directly hurting agricultural productivity. Livestock rearing is another major economic activity has become unviable due to climate change and loss of green pastures. Such stress on the agricultural sector has complex implications; endangered food-security, persistent poverty leading to educational and health backwardness and out- migration. Because of the long-term irreversible damage, there is severe pressure on scarce resources leading to further destruction of natural resources and the environment.