Rajasthan covers more than 10% of area on the map of INDIA. Rajasthan, well known for its recurring droughts, belongs to an arid (60%) and semi-arid (40%) region having only about 1% of the total surface water resources of the country to quench its thirst.
Tarun Bharat Sangh (TBS) works in around 1000 villages of the semi-arid region of Rajasthan. The area lies along the foothills and main ranges of the Aravalis, and includes the Sariska National Park. This is a harsh and semi-arid land with temperatures fluctuating from 0 degrees Celsius in winters to 49 degrees Celsius in summers. The average rainfall when the monsoon is kind is around 620 mm. Ninety percent of the rainfall occurs during the monsoon months (July to September).
Topographically, the tract may be divided into two zones: the hilly area, and the plains. Demographically, the area has two major communities; the Meenas, making 60% of the population and are primarily subsistence farmers in the plains area, and the Gujjars comprising 25% of the population who live in the hill areas and are engaged in animal husbandry.
Forests here are deciduous in nature, typical of desert vegetation. The bio-diversity of this region is one of the most significant in the country and about 12000 wild species of flora and over 5000 wild species are found in this area. Most of the ethnic groups and subgroups of the Indo-gangetic plains are found this district.